What is sake?

Sake (Japanese: 酒) is an alcohol fermented from polished rice, water and koji (a mould used for fermentation). The rice used, the polished rate or the rice, the water and the koji all contribute to the quality and taste of the sake. However, only the polishing rate of the rice or if brewers alcohol is added contributes towards the grade of the sake.

When we think of sake today, we think that it is strictly Japanese, however we do know that the Chinese were making alcohol before recorded history. It is likely that the sake we know today came from an earlier Chinese variant of a similar alcohol.